Q.What do you mean by Environment Impact Assessment (EIA)?
Ans. Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) is a planning tool that is now generally accepted as an integral component of sound decision-making. The objective of EIA is to foresee and address potential environmental problems/concerns at an early stage of project planning and design. EIA/EMP assist planners and government authorities in the decision making process by identifying the key impacts/issues and formulating mitigation measures.
Q.What do you mean by Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) Notification, 2006 ?
Ans. Ministry of Environment & Forests, Govt. of India (Now Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change, GoI) has issued Environment Impact Assessment EIA Notification dated September 14, 2006 for according Environment Clearance(EC) to 8 categories of industries/projects by the Ministry of Environment & Forests, Govt. of India and by a State level Environment Impact Assessment Authority constituted by Government of India on the recommendations made by the State Government.
The eight categories of industries/projects requiring EC are further categorized into A & B. The 'A' categories of industries are in terms of production above the specified threshold limits requiring Environmental Clearance from MoEF&CC, Govt. of India. The 'B' category industries are smaller units in terms of production with or without specified minimum threshold of production but production below that specified for 'A' category. To clear 'B' category industries, the Central Government has decentralized the entire process of EC by creating an independent State level Environment Impact Assessment Authority (SEIAA) supported by a State Level Expert Appraisal Committee (SEAC).